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June 29, 2018

How To Use A Gluten Free Flour Mix

Post by Cinde Little

How To Use a Gluten Free Flour Mix? For experienced bakers there is always more to learn. If you are new to gluten free baking I’ve got tips to help you be more successful.

You may be using a flour mix as a one-to-one substitute in both old and new recipes. You may even be getting some delicious results and that is awesome. With so many flours available even when you have mastered many recipes you may want to learn how to substitute some flours or incorporate them into recipes you like. 

How To Use A Gluten Free Flour Mix
How To Use A Gluten Free Flour Mix -photo credit Jim Little

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Gluten Free Flour Blog Series

In the past year I have written a blog post each month about a different gluten free flour. As I worked my way through the flours and starches in my kitchen I learned more about each one. I also learned more about baking with my gluten free flour mix. This post, How To Use a Gluten Free Flour Mix, is about baking and making adjustments with any gluten free flour mix.

To help you find the specific information you are interested in I have divided this post into the following sections.

  1. The Purpose of Flour
  2. Are All Gluten Free Flour Mixes The Same?
  3. Store Bought vs Homemade Gluten Free Flour Mixes
  4. Will My Gluten Free Flour Mix Work In All Recipes?
  5. The New Gluten Free Baking Basics
  6. How To Use a Gluten Free Flour Mix – The Recipes

1. The Purpose of Flour

Until you try to bake gluten free the properties of wheat flour are likely of little interest to the average home cook. Then suddenly you try to cook gluten free and wonder why the mix you bought and the recipe you chose just didn’t work. Let’s take a quick look at the purpose of flour.

Wheat flour has been used in baking for over 100 years so it is the standard. The gauge we use to compare. The gluten in wheat flour serves multiple purposes and that basic understanding is helpful to know why some mixes and recipes don’t work. It also explains why one replacement flour may be better than another.

Flour is commonly used for three purposes:

  • To thicken sweet and savoury sauces, gravies, soups & stews
  • Flour coats meat and vegetables for frying or baking
  • To build structure in baking

2. Are All Gluten Free Flour Mixes The Same?

Every gluten free flour mix is a recipe. The increased interest in the gluten free diet has resulted in a huge variety of gluten free flours for sale. There are more than twenty flours available and new ones all the time. These are combined in so many ways it can be mind-boggling.

Gluten free flour mixes are typically made up of two or more different flour and starch combinations. Some recipes include binders and other ingredients. This table doesn’t have amounts but it is to illustrate the different combinations people successfully bake with. 

A Variety of Gluten Free Flour Mix Ingredients
A Variety of Gluten Free Flour Mix Ingredients

What did you notice in this table? I notice that every one of these recipes includes rice flour. My niece bakes for her sister-in-law who is gluten free and also allergic to rice. This is the joy and the challenge of gluten free baking.

Other challenges include going to the store but being unable to find the one flour you need, or running out of one ingredient when you have started baking and cannot run to the store. For these reasons a little knowledge about gluten free flour and confidence making substitutions will serve you well over time. 

3. Store Bought vs Homemade Gluten Free Flour Mixes

Whether you buy it or make it each mix is a combination of flours and starches. There are pros and cons to buying a mix or making one at home. This is a personal choice so do what you like. A homemade mix is less expensive and gives you more flexibility. It also requires you to stock several flours in your pantry. Buying a pre-made flour mix is easier but more costly. As you learn how to use a gluten free flour mix you might change your mind, possibly more than once.

I have an efficient system for making my 4-ingredient homemade flour mix and you can watch how I make it in this video.

4. Will My Gluten Free Flour Mix Work In All Recipes?

No. In my experience there is no single gluten free flour or flour mix that will produce excellent results in all types of recipes. Cookies have a high fat and sugar content and cook quickly. Bread bakes slowly and needs to rise. I could go on and on but this is the science of baking.

I recommend you just start with the foods that are most important to you. What matters is whether you can repeat the recipe and that you enjoy eating it. Learning how to use a gluten free flour mix in new ways can help you do that. 

5. The New Gluten Free Baking Basics

Experienced bakers may need to forget some of those tried & true baking tips that apply to wheat flour. Gluten free baked goods need to cook longer than “when a toothpick inserted comes out clean”. If you want to bake here are a few of the new basics for successful gluten free baking.

  • A basic kitchen timer is essential, serious cooks might like this triple timer.
  • Use a wire whisk to thoroughly combine dry ingredients.
  • A strainer turns lumpy potato starch into the fine texture needed for baking.
  • An extra egg or yolk can help improve structure and add moisture.
  • Add ¼ teaspoon of xanthan gum to each cup of gluten free flour for structure and freshness.
  • Let batter or dough sit for up to 30 minutes before baking to absorb liquid and avoid a gritty texture.
  • Resting time helps gluten free baked goods keep their structure. Let them cool slightly in the pan then transfer to a cooling rack to cool completely.

6. How To Use A Gluten Free Flour Mix – The Recipes

Here is a list of the flours I have in my kitchen and have baked with over the past year. The learning never ends.

Millet Sorghum Almond Quinoa
Teff Buckwheat Coconut Oat

 

Muffins, pancakes and waffles typically call for 1¼ to 2 cups of flour. Replace ¼ – ½ cup of your flour mix with that amount of any of the flours listed above. Coconut flour soaks up a lot of liquid so I suggest only substituting 2 Tbsp of this flour.

Quick breads like banana bread are often a muffin recipe made in a different pan like a loaf pan or an 8-inch square baking pan. This small change may require an adjustment in the cooking time and will possibly benefit from the use of a gum such as xanthan gum. Regardless, the flour substitutions are the same. Start by replacing ¼ – ½ cup of your flour mix with that amount of any of the above flours.

Cookie recipes vary a lot. The high fat content and short cooking time present challenges. This basic Chocolate Chip Cookie recipe calls for 1¾ cups gluten free flour. Substitute 2-4 tablespoons of the total amount of flour with any of the above flours. This recipe for Chocolate Chip Cookies with Teff includes a mix and the teff flour.

Brownie recipes also vary a lot but the best fudgy brownies have a small amount of flour. This recipe for Chocolate Cheesecake Brownies uses ½ cup of quinoa flour but I also make it with ½ cup my gluten free flour mix. A half-cup is 8 tablespoons so start by substituting just 2 tablespoons of a different flour.

My recipe for Granola Bars uses ⅓ cup of brown rice flour. I haven’t tried it with different flours but I’m confident you could swap out half or all of this flour for millet, quinoa or teff flour. Let me know how that turns out if you try it.

Cupcakes are intended to be delicate and cake-like. For this reason cupcake recipes often call for the more delicate choices like white or brown rice flour, sorghum flour and tapioca or potato starch. I don’t make cupcakes often enough to experiment but if you do that’s all you need to know. These Orange Cupcakes use sorghum and potato starch.

Other Uses for flour include the crumb topping on muffins and fruit crisps. A gluten free flour mix can be replaced with sweet rice flour, brown rice flour and probably several others. Start by replacing half the flour mix with any individual flour you want to try.

I hope you now have some ideas of how to use a gluten free flour mix in your recipes and what you might modify. The goal is simply to be able to make delicious food that you want to eat. Don’t adjust the recipes you are satisfied with. Just keep baking and learning and enjoy the process.

I’d love to hear how these adjustments worked in your kitchen. Let me know in the comments below.


How To Use Gluten Free Flour series:

  1. How To Use Rice Flour in Gluten Free Baking
  2. How To Use Starch in Gluten Free Baking
  3. How To Use Millet Flour and Sorghum Flour
  4. How To Use Corn Flour, Cornmeal and Masa Harina
  5. How To Use Almond Flour and Quinoa Flour
  6. How To Use Binders in Gluten Free Baking
  7. How To Use Chickpea Flour
  8. How To Use Teff Flour
  9. How To Use Buckwheat Flour
  10. How To Use Coconut Flour
  11. How To Use Oat Flour

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